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A neuro-ICU is an intensive care unit committed to the care of patients with rapidly life-threatening neurological disorders. It came into an existence for about 25 years ago of response to the need of new specialized knowledge in the developing techniques to recognize and address neurological disorders.
Problems handled in Neuro-ICU are spinal trauma, post-operative brain tumor, ischemic stroke, subarachnoid haemorrhage, traumatic brain injury, myasthenia gravis, meningitis and other central nervous system infections.
Benefits: The field of neurointensive care covers more than a wide range of disorders. It also requires functional knowledge about certain mechanics of the body, such as how the brain functions its blood flow and intracranial pressure. It also requires expertise in neurological tools such as electroencephalography, which are added to the more typical understandings of ventilator mechanics, cardiac telemetry and intensive blood pressure examining and other procedures which are common in general ICU.
Neuroscience is a ambidextrous science that is concerned with the study of the structure and function of the nervous system. It surrounds the evolution, development, cellular and surrounds the Brain and spinal injuries, Psychiatry, Neuroscientist and neurology of the nervous system, as well as computational, behavioural and cognitive neuroscience. Neuroscientists concentrate on the brain and its collision on behaviour and cognitive functions. The major branches involved in modern neuroscience are Cellular neuroscience, Molecular neuroscience, Cognitive neuroscience, Affective neuroscience, Developmental neuroscience, Computational neuroscience, Clinical neuroscience, Behavioural neuroscience, Cultural neuroscience.
Brain and spine injuries are also include the result in motor vehicle accidents, and sports- applicable injuries. Some injuries might be the result of internal conditions, such as infection, inflammation, tumors, bleeding, or issues such as strokes or aneurysms. Body Complications due to spinal injury are reflexes, heart rate, bladder and bowel function, breathing, muscle movement, sensations, metabolism. Symptoms of a spinal cord injury are Signs of shock , Headache ,Feelings of spreading paralysis or itch in the extremities ,More pain or pressure in the neck or back ,Problems walking ,Unconsciousness ,Loss of control of the bladder or bowels ,Inability to move the arms or legs.
Neuropathology is a specialty within the study of science focused on the disease of the brain, spinal cord, and neural tissue. This involves the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. Tissue analysis comes from either surgical biopsied or post mortem autopsies. Common tissue test include muscle fibers and nervous tissue. Common applications of neuropathology include studying test of tissue in patients who have Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, dementia, Huntington's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, mitochondria disease, and any disorder that has neural collapse in the brain or spinal cord.
Neuroradiology aims to surround all aspects of adult and also pediatric brain, spine and skull base neuroradiology for example: Diagnostic, Interventional, Morphological, Advanced Imaging, Head & Neck, with emphasis on clinical research; main advances and findings on neuroanatomy, neurobiology and neurophysiology that affect. Neuroradiology focus to provide modern medical and research-based information in the fields of Neuroradiology, Neuroscience, Neurology, Psychiatry, Neurosurgery, Brain and spinal injuries ,Neuropathology ,Neuroscientist and related medical specialities.
Neurology is the branch of prescription concerned with the research and study of disorders of the nervous system. The nervous system is a complex, experienced system that controls and coordinates body activities. ... Central nervous system: the brain and spinal cord.
A doctor who concentrates in neurology is called a neurologist. The neurologist treats disorders that work on the brain, spinal cord, and nerves, such as: Spinal cord disorders, Speech and language disorders, Movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, Headache disorders ,Cerebrovascular disease, such as Neurology, Psychiatry ,stroke such as epilepsy ,Infections of the brain and peripheral nervous system.
A neurosurgeon is a physician who specify in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system including congenital anomalies, trauma, tumors, vascular disorders, infections of the brain or spine, stroke, or degenerative disorders of the spine.
Neurosurgeons handle people with a range of neurological issues, such as: Brain tumors, Carpal tunnel syndrome, Peripheral nervous system disorders may deals issues with nerves that carry messages to and from the brain, Lower back pain.
Psychiatry is the medical speciality dedicated to the analysis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders. They have various maladaptation related to mood, behaviour, cognition, and approach. Initial psychiatric assessment of a person mostly begins with a case history and mental status check-up. Physical examinations and psychological tests may be assisted. At a time, neuroimaging or other neurophysiological techniques are used. Secured treatment with psychiatric medication and psychotherapy has become the most frequent mode of psychiatric treatment in current practice. An intensive-care may be treated in a psychiatric hospital. Research within psychiatry as a entire is focused on a multidisciplinary basis with another professionals, such as epidemiologists, nurses, social workers, occupational therapists, or clinical psychologists.
A neuroscientist as well as neurobiologist is a scientist who has basic knowledge in neuroscience, a branch of biology subject that deals with the physiology, Neuro Physiotherapy, Neurological rehabilitation, Neurological Surgery and molecular biology of neurons, neural circuits are especially their behavioural and psychological aspect in health and disease. Neuroscientists focus on essentially on the study and research of the nervous system. The nervous system is collected from the brain, spinal cord and nerve cells. Basic tasks done by neuroscientists are: Research and development of new treatments for neurological disorders ,Dissecting experimental specimens ,Conducting theoretical and computational neuronal data analysis, Developing experiments and leading groups of people in supporting roles, Working with doctors to perform experimental studies of new drugs on willing patients.
A neuropsychologist is a psychologist it involves the relationship between the physical brain and behaviour. It includes both experimental and clinical field of psychology, thus aiming to understand how behaviour and cognition are influenced by brain function and concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of behavioural results in cognitive of neurological disorders. Neuropsychologists notice and treat people with different types of nervous system disorders. They work closely with doctors, including neurologists. Illnesses, injuries, and diseases of the brain and nervous system can also infect the way a person feels, thinks, and behaves. Symptoms use for a neuropsychologist may also involve Memory difficulties, Mood disturbances, Learning difficulties, Nervous system dysfunction.
Mental health includes anxiety disorders, psychological, and social well-being and it work on how we feel, and act. It also helps to notice how we handle stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health is major at every stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through adult hood. Important factors for mental health are determined by a range of socio economic, biological and environmental factors. The essential part of mental health is to indeed, and there is no health without mental health. And is more than the non-appearance of mental disorders.
Treatment and care are treatment of psychosis with antipsychotic medicines and psychosocial support; Taxation for alcoholic beverages and reduction of their availability and marketing. Treatment for depression with psychological treatment and, for moderate to severe cases, antidepressant medicines.
Neurophysiology main is to deal with physiology dealing with the functions of the nervous system. i.e. the use of the functional properties of neurons, and other disorders .Neurophysiologists today use techniques from chemistry such as calcium imaging, physics as functional magnetic resonance imaging, and molecular biology such as site directed mutations to study brain function. As of neuron is an electrochemical machine, and it is not possible to separate electrical events from the biochemical and molecular processes that bring them about.
Neurodegenerative are different types of diseases that are famous by the progressive degeneration of the structure and function of the central or peripheral nervous system. These diseases may affect many of your body activities, such as balance, movement, talking, breathing, and heart function. Some of the diseases are the most common neurodegenerative diseases. The danger of being affected by a neurodegenerative disease increases exciting with the age. Researchers agreed to do that the combination of a human genes and environment contributes to their risk of developing a disease. A person can have a gene that makes them more open to a certain neurodegenerative disease.
Neurosurgical is a medical specialty deals with the diagnosis and the treatment of patients with injury with disorders of the brain, spinal cord within all parts of the body. Depending on the creation of the injury a neurological surgeon may provide surgical or non-surgical care.
Neurosurgical methods – procedures followed by neurosurgeons includes:
Brain surgery - Tumor removal | Aneurysm repair | Stereotactic radiosurgery | Clot removal | Trauma repair | Shunt insertion or revision | Brain bleed stoppage.
Endovascular procedures – Coil embolization | Carotid endarterectomy
Peripheral nerve surgery – Vagus nerve simulation | Carpal tunnel release | Ulnar nerve release.
A Neurologist is an physician specializing in a neurology and trained to investigate, or diagnose to treat a neurological disorders. Neurologists treat scores of neurologic conditions, including stroke, seizures, movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease, autoimmune neurologic disorders such as multiple sclerosis, headache disorders like migraine and dementias such as Alzheimer's disease. Neurologists are specialists who treat with diseases of the brain and spinal cord, peripheral nerves and muscles. Neurologists may also include in clinical research, clinical trials, and basic or translational research. Mainly neurology is a nonactivated specialty; its corresponding surgical specialty is neurosurgery.
Neurological surgery consists of a medical and surgical specialty that is for adult and pediatric patients in the treatment of pain or pathological processes that may verify the function or activity of the central nervous system. Where it is connected with prevention and treatment of various disorders related to the nervous system including the spinal cord, brain, peripheral nerves. Neuro-surgeries are performed by skill and expert neurosurgeons.
Neurological rehabilitation is a program planned for the people suffer with diseases, injury, or some disorders of the nervous system. It can often improve function, lower symptoms, and improve the well-being of the patient.
By focusing on all aspects of a person's functional independence and well being, it offers a series of treatment from the Medications, Physiotherapy, and speech and swallows therapy, psychological therapies, Occupational therapies, and teaching or retrains patients on mobility skills, communication processes.
Neurophysiotherapy is an master branch of physiotherapy and it was developed to examine the patients who have suffered with physical impairment obtained by neurological conditions. Any neurological case which affects motion and physical strength are often treated using neuro physiotherapy. Some frequent conditions which include: Bell’s palsy, Stroke, Multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson’s disease, Spinal cord injury, Traumatic brain Injury/head Injury.
Depending on the medical case, the outcome may range from motor deficits, paralysis, tremor and spasm to ataxia or lack of sensation. This is due to damage of central nervous system can cause the breakdown of afferent and efferent pathways carrying nerve signals to and from muscles and organs, causing the symptoms of neurological conditions.